Tarn Taran district (Punjabi:ਤਰਨ ਤਾਰਨ ਜ਼ਿਲਾ) is one of the districts in the state of Punjab in North-West Republic of India. The main cities are Tarn Taran Sahib and Patti. The City of Taran Taran is a holy place for Sikhs
Tarn Taran district was formed in 2006 from Amritsar District. The declaration to this effect was made by Captain Amarinder Singh, Ex-Chief Minister of Punjab, during the celebrations marking the martyrdom day of Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji. With this, it became the 19th district of Punjab. It has three tehsils, which are Patti, Khadur Sahib and Tarn Taran. The District Headquarters is headed by the Deputy Commissioner, along with a Senior Superintendent of Police, the Additional District and Sessions Judge, the Chief Judicial Magistrate, Civil Surgeon, district Education Officer, Improvement Trust and a Municipal Council.
Tarn Taran Sahib which is located near Amritsar and Patti, City of Taran Taran is a holy place for Sikhs of India and abroad. Tarn Taran district is surrounded by Amritsar district in the north side and Firozpur district in the south side. Its boundary is adjacent to Kaputhala district in the east and it is bounded by Pakistan in the west. District covers the 2449 sq kms area.
Tarn Taran is an ancient and Historical town, closely related with Sikhs. This town was founded during 1590's by the fifth Sikh Guru, Shri Arjan Dev Ji and he laid the foundation of Gurudwara Sri Darbar Sahib (Gurudwara Tarn Taran) in the heart of the town. During 1716 – 1810, Tarn Taran was ruled by the strong Sikh Family of Dhillon Clan and was the part of Bhangi Sikh Dynasty. During 1980-90, Tarn Taran was well-known as a center of the Sikh insurgency and was believed, it would be the capital of Khalistan, the proposed Sikh independent nation. Post independence - 1947, Tarn Taran became the region of Punjab and it has the majority of Sikh inhabitants. In 2006, Tarn Taran was formed as a separate (19th) district of Punjab withdrawing it from the Amritsar district.