The 164 year old historic town of Fazilka in the District Ferozepur, also known as Bangla the first political officer stationed in this area was Mr.Vans Agnew. He built a bungalow near the horse-shoe lake at Badha and the place came to be known as Bangla,(a new name given to the new establishment by the people) It is located in south-western Punjab (INDIA), about 325 km west of Punjab State Capital Chandigarh 85 km south-west of the district Headquarters Ferozepur and 200 km south of Amritsar Fazilka is near the India-Pakistan border which is 11 km away. It is situated on the rice growing and cotton rich belt of the state and is one of the major rice exporting centers in India. Before partition, the town was the biggest wool market in undivided Punjab.
It has extreme climate, with the summers being very hot and the winters very cold. The River Sutlej runs through the district and moves over to the Pakistan side through the Indo-Pakistani border.
Fazilka's origin dates back to 1844 CE. It was established by Mr. Vans Agnew and was christened after the original owner of the land, Mian Fazil Watoo. A payment of Rs 144 and annas eight was paid to his descendants in 1877 from panchayat fund and named the place after Mian Fazil Watoo(Lambardar)as FAZILKA. Being at the border, Fazilka also had to bear the brunt of India-Pakistan partition in 1947 and the two Indo-Pak wars of 1965 and 1971. After the death of Mr Agnew Mr Oliver of East India Company took over as station in charge.
Much before 1800 AD, Guru Nanak Dev Ji paid his visit to Fazilka district during (1517-1521). His final longest journey (Udassi) lasted over four years towards west mainly Baghdad, Mecca and Medina. At present Gurdwara Bad Tirath Sahib at village Haripura is situated at that location. Gurdwara Bad Tirath Sahib located on the Abohar-Ganga Nagar road, three kilometers from Khuian Sarwar town. It is Seventeen kilometers from Abohar and about 26km from Fazilka district headquarter.
The municipality was formed via Punjab Government notification no. 486, dated 10 December 1885. The town was added to the Ferozepur district in 1884. On 27 July 2011, Fazilka was declared a District by Government of Punjab vide their Gazette Notification No. 1/1/2011-RE-II(I)/14554 dated July 27, 2011 consisting three subdivisions Fazilka, Jalalabad and Abohar besides three sub-tehsils Arniwala Sheikh Suban, Sito Guno and Khuian Sarwar.